Johannes Verlinde

Johannes Verlinde

  • Professor of Meteorology and Atmospheric Science
605A Walker Building
University Park, PA 16802
Phone: (814) 863-9711


  1. PhD -- Colorado State University


  • Dr. Verlinde is an observational atmospheric scientist interested in understanding the physical processes in clouds. He uses surface based remote sensing tools and airborne platforms to observe clouds, relying mostly on mm-wave cloud radars as his observational tool. He works closely with several faculty in the department to come to a better understanding of arctic cloud processes and how those relate to the rapidly changing arctic environment. Lately he has looked at ways to optimize field experiment decision making.

Research Interests

Cloud processes, radar meteorology and remote sensing of clouds, with a focus on arctic and other stratiform clouds. Optimization of field experiments.

Teaching Interests

Cloud physics, Atmospheric Thermodynamics, Radar Meteorology, Mesoscale Meteorology, Radiative Transfer. Dr. Verlinde co-authored a cloud physics textbook with Dr. Lamb, published by Cambridge University Press.

Book cover - The Physics and Chemistry of Clouds


Selected Publications 


Shaw, R.A., W.C. Reade, H.R. Collins, and J. Verlinde, 1998: Preferential concentration of cloud droplets by turbulence: Effects on the early evolution of cumulus cloud droplet spectra. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 55, 1965-1976. 

Babb, D.M., J. Verlinde, and B.W. Rust, 2000: A constrained linear inversion algorithm for remote sensing applications. Journal Atmosphere and Oceanic Technology, 17, 1583-1595. 

Boehm, M.T., and J. Verlinde, 2000: Stratospheric influence on upper tropospheric cirrus. Geophysical Research Letters, 27, 3209-3212. 

Miles, N.L., J. Verlinde and E.E. Clothiaux, 2000: Cloud drop size distributions in low-level stratiform clouds. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 57, 295-311. 

Miles, N.L. and J. Verlinde, 2005: Observations of transient linear organization and nonlinear scale interactions in lake-effect clouds. Part I: Transient linear organization. Mon. Wea. Rev., 133, 677-691.

Miles, N.L. and J. Verlinde, 2005: Observations of transient linear organization and nonlinear scale interactions in lake-effect clouds. Part II: Scale interaction. Mon. Wea. Rev., 133, 692-706.

Botta, G., K. Aydin and Verlinde, 2010, Modeling of Microwave Scattering From Cloud Ice Crystal Aggregates and Melting Aggregates: A New Approach, Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, IEEE, 572-576. DOI: 10.1109/LGRS.2010.2041633

Rambukkange, M.P., J. Verlinde,  E.W. Eloranta,  C.J. Flynn and E.E. Clothiaux, 2010: Using Doppler spectra to separate hydrometeor populations and analyze ice precipitation in multilayered mixed-phase clouds. Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, IEEE, , 108-112.

Botta, G., K. Aydin, J. Verlinde, A. Avramov, A. Ackerman and A. Fridlind, G.M. McFarquhar, M. Wolde, 2011:  Millimeter wave scattering from ice crystal aggregates: Comparing cloud model simulations with X- and Ka-Band Radar Measurements. J. Geophys. Res., 116, D00T04, doi:10.1029/2011JD015909.

Hanlon, C.J., J. B. Stefik, A.A. Small, J. Verlinde and G.S. Young, 2013: Statistical decision analysis for flight decision support: The SPartICus campaign. J. Geophys. Res., DOI: 10.1002/jgrd.50237. 

Lu, Y., E.E. Clothiaux, K. Aydin, G. Botta, and J. Verlinde, 2013: Modeling variability in dendritic ice crystal backscattering cross sections at millimeter wavelengths using a modified Rayleigh-Gans theory. J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 131, 95-104. DOI: 10.1016/j.jqsrt.2013.05.008

Botta, G., K. Aydin, and J. Verlinde, 2013: Variability in millimeter wave scattering properties of dendritic ice crystals. J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf., 131, 105-114. DOI: 10.1016/j.jqsrt.2013.05.009

Verlinde, J., M.P. Rambukkange, E.E. Clothiaux, G.M. McFarquhar, and E.W. Eloranta, 2013: Arctic multilayered, mixed-phase cloud processes revealed in millimeter-wave cloud radar Doppler spectra. J. Geophys. Res., 118, 13,199-13,213, doi: 10.1002/2013JD020183 

Hanlon, C.J., G.S. Young, J. Verlinde, A.A. Small, and S. Bose, 2014: Probabilistic forecasting for isolated thunderstorms using a genetic algorithm: the DC3 campaign. J. Geophys. Res., 119, 1-10, doi:10.1002/2013JD020195 

Hanlon, C.J., A.A. Small, S. Bose, G.S. Young and J. Verlinde, 2014: Automated decision algorithm applied to a field experiment with multiple research objectives: the DC3 campaign. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 119, 11,527-11,542, doi:10.1002/2014JD021922.

Yu, G., J. Verlinde, E.E. Clothiaux, and Y.-S. Chen, 2014: Mixed-phase cloud phase partitioning using millimeter-wavelength cloud radar Doppler velocity spectra.  J. Geophys. Res., 7556–7576, doi:10.1002/2013JD021182.

Lu, Y., E.E. Clothiaux, K. Aydin, and J. Verlinde, 2014: Dielectric constant adjustments in computations of the scattering properties of solid ice crystals using the Generalized Multi-particle Mie (GMM) theory. J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 135, 1-8. dio:10.1016/j.jqsrt.2013.12.005.  

Lu, Y., E.E. Clothiaux, K. Aydin, and J. Verlinde, 2014: Estimating ice particle scattering properties using a modified Rayleigh-Gans theory. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 119, 10,471–10,484, doi:10.1002/2014JD021850.

Lu, Y., E.E. Clothiaux, K. Aydin, and J. Verlinde, 2015: Retrieving cloud ice-water content using millimeter- and centimeter-wavelength radar polarimetric observables. J. Appl. Meteor. and Clim., 54, 596-604.

Young, G. S., S. D. Goldberger, J. Verlinde and C. J. Hanlon, 2015: Forecasting Regional Chance of Occurrence though aggregation of MOS PoPs. J. Operational Meteor. 3 (4), 30-40.

Oue, M., M. R. Kumjian, Y. Lu, J. Verlinde, K. Aydin, and E. E. Clothiaux, 2015: Linear depolarization ratios of columnar ice crystals in a deep precipitating system over the Arctic observed by zenith-pointing Ka-band Doppler radar. J. Appl. Meteor. Climatol., 54, 1060–1068.

Oue, M., M.R. Kumjian, Y. Lu, Z. Jiang, E.E. Clothiaux, J. Verlinde, and K. Aydin, 2015: X-band polarimetric and Ka-band Doppler spectral radar observations of a graupel-producing Arctic mixed-phase cloud. J. Appl. Meteor. Climatol., 54, 1335-1351.

Oue, M., M. Galletti, J. Verlinde, A. Ryzhkov, and Y. Lu, 2016: Use of X-band differential reflectivity measurements to study shallow Arctic mixed-phase clouds. J. Appl. Meteor. Climatol, 55, 403-424. doi:10.1175/JAMC-D-15-0168.1

Verlinde, J., B.D. Zak, M.D. Shupe, M.D. Ivey, and K. Stamnes, 2016: The ARM North Slope of Alaska (NSA) sites.  The Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program: First 20 Years, Meteor. Monogr., T.P. Ackerman, G. Stokes, W. Wiscombe and D. Turner, Eds, Amer. Meteor. Soc.doi:10.1175/AMSMONOGRAPHS-D-15-0054.1

Wen, G., Oue, M., A. Protat, J. Verlinde, and H. Xiao, 2016: Ice particle type identification for shallow Arctic mixed-phase clouds using X-band polarimetric radar. Atmos. Research. 182, 114-131. doi:10.1016/j.atmosres.2016.07.015

Lu, Y., Jiang, Z., Aydin, K., Verlinde, J., Clothiaux, E. E., and Botta, G., 2016: A polarimetric scattering database for non-spherical ice particles at microwave wavelengths, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 9, 5119-5134, doi:10.5194/amt-9-5119-2016.

Jiang, Z., M. Oue, J. Verlinde, E.E. Clothiaux, K. Aydin and G. Botta, 2017: What do we know about aspect ratios of aggregates? J. Appl. Meteor. Climatol., 56, 725-734. doi: 10.1175/JAMC-D-16-0248.1

Nicolas, J.P., A.M. Vogelmann, R.C. Scott, A.B. Wilson, M.P. Cadeddu, D.H. Bromwich, J. Verlinde, D. Lubin, L.M. Russell, C. Jenkinson, H.H. Powers, M. Ryczek, G. Stone, J.D. Wille, 2017: January 2016 extensive summer melt in West Antarctica favored by strong El Niño. Nature Communications. doi:10.1038/ncomms15799

Caruzzo, A., M.C.N. Belderrain, G. Fisch, G.S. Young, C.J. Hanlon, and J. Verlinde, 2018: Modelling weather risk preferences with multi-criteria decision analysis for an aerospace vehicle launch. Met. Apps. doi:10.1002/met.1713

Silber, I., J. Verlinde, E.W. Eloranta, C. J. Flynn, and D.M. Flynn, 2018: Liquid cloud base detection algorithms for mid-latitude and polar region studies using high spectral resolution or micropulse lidar data. J. Geophys. Res. doi:10.1029/2017JD027840

Silber, I., J. Verlinde, E.W. Eloranta, and M. Cadeddu, 2018: Antarctic cloud macrophysical, thermodynamic phase, and atmospheric inversion coupling properties at McMurdo Station. Part I: Principal data processing and climatology. J. Geophys. Res.  doi:10.1029/2018JD028279

Chen, Y.-S., J. Verlinde, E. E. Clothiaux, A. S. Ackerman, A. M. Fridlind, M. Chamecki, P. Kollias, M. P. Kirkpatrick, B.-C. Chen, G. Yu, and A. Avramov, 2018: On the forward modeling of radar Doppler spectrum width from LES: Implications for model evaluation. Accepted J. Geophys. Res